The Best Online Learning Resources for Web Developers

March 8th, 2019

Note: This is a slightly revised version of a post published on the previous iteration of my blog, with the addition of LevelUpTuts and other minor changes.

Welcome back to the Self-Taught Developer’s Survival Guide! I’m very excited about this week’s entry because it addresses one of the key concerns facing aspiring web developers: Where is the best place for me to learn? There are a lot of options out there on the web, from blogs to full courses to ebooks, and as the biggest problem facing someone learning a new skill for the first time is that they don’t know what they don’t know, I’m going to simplify things for you by presenting an overview of what I think are the best places on the web to learn development! The resources listed here perform particularly well in three areas:

  • Price: They’re free, or relatively inexpensive.
  • Current Knowledge: Web Development moves faster than more other professions, and these resources have proven that they can keep up at least reasonably well.
  • High-Quality: The material is explained well with the appropriate level of detail on these sites. To cite an example, when I finally got around to reading classic software books like Robert C. Martin’s Clean Code or Steve McConnell’s Code Complete, there were a lot of best practices that I had already internalized because that was the style employed by teachers on Treehouse, for example.

Before we get started: I’m making a distinction here between sources that actively teach development, and resources to utilize as a reference to while you are learning and actively working as a developer, which I’ll be discussing in a later post.

freeCodeCamp

freeCodeCamp logo

What’s their deal?: Founded in 2014 by Quincy Larson, freeCodeCamp is exactly what it says on the tin: a free online coding bootcamp.

Strengths: There is an embarrassment of riches in terms of learning material after a recent site upgrade, hundreds of coding challenges, plus certifications mark learning milestones. freeCodeCamp also has a highly supportive community on its official forum and on Twitter. If you’re new and don’t know where to start, freeCodeCamp has the most organized path of progression out of all the resources sources listed here.

Weaknesses: Because of the crowd-sourced nature of the site, there is some variance in the quality of individual challenges. Challenges are sometimes presented in a way that doesn’t clearly convey what a technique is useful for, or specifically how it works. The backend challenges in particular offer little to no explanation for some techniques, literally sending students to the official docs. Also, there currently is no feedback on code problems apart from anything that renders on the screen, so you’ll have to debug JavaScript elsewhere, which is pretty obnoxious. However, there is an active community on contributors, so don’t count on any major problems staying that way for long.

How much does it cost?: It’s free! If you’re so inclined, you can make a monthly donation to help keep the lights on.

How essential is it?: Don’t let the length of the weakness section here fool you: freeCodeCamp is one of the most integral learning resources for newer developers.

Pluralsight

Pluralsight logo

What’s their deal?: Pluralsight is a subscription site with hundreds of comprehensive video courses on a vast array of tech subjects.

How much does it cost?: At the time of this writing, a Pluralsight membership is $35 dollars a month, or $299 for an annual membership.

Strengths?: Pluralsight has an impressively broad curriculum of topics ranging from design to development to many other IT subspecialties. There quite a few subjects that aren’t discussed on any other resource on this entry except for Pluralsight. There are lots of courses by high-profile teachers such as Douglas Crockford, Deborah Kurata, and John Papa. There are quizzes to test your knowledge of a particular technology or retention of a certain course section’s material.

Weaknesses?: Pluralsight currently lags behind the other resources I talk about here to keep up to date, particularly on it’s learning paths. The “Skill IQ” feature that tests your knowledge of a technology can be quite arbitrary since it’s just a multiple-choice test that you can get extremely lucky or unlucky on.

How essential is it?: This is very situational. If there’s something that you need a deep dive on that isn’t covered in depth somewhere else, Pluralsight has you covered. But Pluralsight, as good as it is, has some limitations that force me to mention it with the aforementioned caveats.

Wes Bos

Picture of 30 Days of JavaScript Landing Page

What’s their deal?: Wes Bos is a Canadian developer best known for his 30 Days of Javascript video course, who has put out extremely high-quality courses on React, Node, and other subjects. Wes is an essential follow on Twitter for developers because of his numerous insights and hot tips. He is also one half of the team behind the excellent [Syntax.fm])(https://syntax.fm/) podcast.

How much does it cost?: Wes’s Flexbox, Grid, Redux, Markdown, Command Line Power User and 30 Days of JavaScript courses are all free. His other courses are not, and prices vary depending on where in the world you live, and whether or not you have a promotional code. Prices are around $60-80 per course, promotions are run frequently.

Strengths?: Wes is an excellent teacher and a deeply experienced self-taught developer. His courses are comprehensive projects that will give you a solid grounding in the technologies they teach if you take notes and really pay attention to what he’s teaching. Wes explains concepts on a very accessible level.

Weaknesses?: Only that there’s only so much material, but come on, he’s one guy! Some of the courses (Sublime, Redux, Command Line) are pretty dated, but that’s not the norm; Wes is very good about keeping material current.

How essential is it?: My position is that every person learning web development should go through Wes’s 30 Days of JavaScript course. I have personally taken his Node, React, Redux, and ES6 courses, and they are all money very well spent.

LevelUp Tutorials

LevelUpTuts logo

What’s their deal?: LevelUp Tutorials is an excellent tutorial series by Scott Tolinski, the other half of the Syntax.fm team. Scott's platform is a lot like Wes's, but with shorter, more frequent content.

How much does it cost?: $19.99 for a monthly Pro subscription, slightly less when an annual subscription is purchased. There's a fair amount of free content on YouTube as well.

Strengths?: Scott is an excellent teacher, and the level of quality of his videos is extremely high. You'll definitely benefit from his proficiency as a teacher when wrestling tricky concepts like Redux for the first time. Pro subscribers can also download videos for learning on the go when you're dealing with inconsistent wifi!

Weaknesses?: Again, like Wes, there's only so much content, which is to be expected from a one man operation.

How essential is it?: If you're learning React and it's related technologies, LevelUp Tutorials is a strong option to get up to speed more quickly.

Treehouse

Treehouse Logo

What’s their deal?: Founded by Ryan Carson in 2011, Treehouse is an online learning platform with a mission to make learning affordable and accessible. They have a wide array of courses comprised of video lectures, quizzes, and coding exercises. The curriculum covers topics related to web development but also dips into business, design, and other related topics.

How much does it cost?: $25 a month, at the time of this writing.

Strengths?: Very high production values, and a warm, inviting site. Treehouse has a LOT of material on languages including JavaScript, C#, Go, Ruby, PHP, Java, and more. Of the resources listed here, Treehouse has the most consistent high quality. There is also a premium Techdegree program which functions as an online boot-camp, for $199 a month. Along with freeCodeCamp, Treehouse has the most organized and clear path to learn of all the resources discussed here today.

Weaknesses?: As of the time of this writing, there is next to nothing on algorithms that will help newer developers prepare for the dreaded white-board interview. This is a minor point, but it makes Treehouse less effective than other sources on this list for interview preparedness. Treehouse is also expensive than most other sources, particularly for the Techdegree.

How essential is it?: Treehouse can be extremely useful, especially if you’re very new to tech and will benefit from the deep, detailed explanation of the web development ecosystem that exists on Treehouse.

Udemy

Udemy logo

What’s their deal?: Udemy is a site with video courses on various subjects. It’s not limited to tech or development, but their range of development courses is impressive.

How much does it cost?: Prices vary, but sales are frequent, so you should never pay more than $9.99 or so per course.

Strengths?: You have quite a bit to choose from here, in terms of material and instructors. Curriculum on Udemy is generally updated more quickly than on the other resources, and that is key with rapidly changing technologies like React or Angular. There are some very strong instructors on Udemy with project-based courses that will boost your development abilities, such as Maximillian Schwarzmuller, Stephen Grider, Andrei Neagoie, and Andrew Mead. If you choose the right courses, you can’t get a better return on your tech education investment than Udemy.

Weaknesses?: You have quite a bit to choose from here, and not all of it is created equal. Fortunately, poor quality courses can be pretty easy to avoid. I would recommend only choosing from courses rated 4.5 stars or higher, if at all possible. Tags like “Best Selling” and “Highest Rated” also help you to make informed decisions about what courses to invest in. I believe that you can get more out of Udemy than any other source, but you HAVE to go in with a pretty good idea of what you need to learn and be ready to curate the experience. Having said that, there will be a future entry in the blog coming soon that lays out a path of the best web development courses on Udemy.

How essential is it?: Udemy is my current favorite learning resource, and I believe a new developer with the right roadmap can get up to speed skill-wise quicker with Udemy courses than any other resource. I'll be drawing out that roadmap in my next entry of this blog series!

In Conclusion

I hope this list simplifies things for you and points you towards a learning experience that helps you to succeed! Next time on the Self-Taught Developer's Survival Guide: Getting the most out of Udemy!